BCV for Chronic Respiratory Failure (CRF)
Chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is associated with nocturnal hypoventilation. Due to the interaction of sleep and breathing, sleep quality is reduced during nocturnal hypoventilation. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NMV), usually performed overnight, relieves symptoms of hypoventilation and improves daytime parespiratory status in patients with CRF. This type of ventilatory support is now used commonly to assist ventilation in patients with a variety of neuromuscular and chest wall diseases. These may be separated into spinal cord lesions, diseases of peripheral nerves, disorders of the neuromuscular junction, diseases of muscles, and chest wall disorders.
BCV is a proven option that relieves symptoms of CRF and can reduce episodes of nocturnal hypoventilation. BCV provides a more physiologic approach while not requiring an artificial airway. BCV allows patient comfort and decreases risks from invasive positive pressure ventilation.